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PREHISTORIC ART

The Venus of Willendorf

c. 24,000-22,000 BCE
Oolitic limestone
4 3/8 inches (11.1 cm) high
(Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna)

The first generally accepted piece of prehistoric art is assumed to be the Venus of Willendorf
from lower Austria.

 

                           

 

 

 

 

Lascaux Caves

 

The painted walls of the interconnected series of caves in Lascaux (c. 15,000 BC) in southwestern France are among the most impressive artistic creations of Paleolithic humans. Although there is one human image, most of the paintings depict animals found in the surrounding landscape, such as horses, bison, mammoth, ibex, aurochs, deer, and felines. No vegetation or illustration of the environment is portrayed around the animals, who are represented in profile and often standing in an alert and energetic stance. Their vitality is achieved by the broad, rhythmic outlines around areas of soft color. In addition to the painted images, Lascaux is rich with engravings of animals as well as abstract designs. In the absence of natural light, these works could only have been created with the aid of torches and stone lamps filled with animal fat.

http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/arcnat/lascaux/en/index3.html

 

 

 

3000 - 1400 BC

More than 4,000 years ago, the people of the Neolithic period decided to build a massive monument using

earth, timber and eventually, stones, placing it high on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England -- about 137 kilometres southwest of London. Why anyone ever decided to build Stonehenge remains a mystery, with theories ranging from religion to astronomy. Some of what was Stonehenge still stands today, as mysterious and sacred as it must have been to the hundreds of people who helped build the site.

http://exn.ca/mysticplaces/stonehenge.asp